Minority, low income, urban settings, "at-risk", and other negative connotations labeling youth's hinder academic achievements.
There's mixed evidence as to whether afterschool programs positively impact youth behavioral outcomes. In particular, students in an after-school activity behaved better and adjusted more smoothly when transitioning to new grades or new schools, most notably in the transition from middle to high school. After-school activities have had proven impacts on decreasing the gap in academic achievement between white students and students of color in the United States.
Research shows that having caring and supportive adult presences in the lives of students greatly increases their sense of self-worth, academic achievement, and capabilities for resiliency in the face of adverse circumstances like poverty and abuse. After-school activities can play a role in combatting summer learning loss , which refers to the amount of academic skills that students lose during the summer holidays due to a lack of exposure to academic material.
One criticism of after-school activities is that they provide too much rigidity within a child's life. Advocates of slow parenting believe that children should be allowed to develop their own ideas. Proponents of this theory argue that structured after-school programs have the potential to take away avenues for such creativity and self-expression amongst children.
Justice in Teaching
Similarly, the Taoist concept of wu wei , literally translated as "non-action," supports spontaneity in daily life. Another criticism of after-school activities is that participating in them has the potential to lead to increased stress and anxiety amongst students. Children participating in many organized after-school activities is one common symptom of overparenting. She found that children of wealthy families were more likely to suffer psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression.
By spending so much time in organized after-school activities that their parents signed them up for, the children that Levine worked with failed to adequately develop self-management, which is a powerful precursor to both psychological inner strength and academic achievement.
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Applied Research Projects. Texas State University Paper From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Children and Youth Services Review. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Organized activities as contexts of development: extracurricular activities, after-school and community programs. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Harper Collins. Phi Delta Kappan. Educational Leadership.
Yahoo Finance. June 8, Retrieved 8 June Journal of Leisure Research. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
School crime control and prevention. Crime and Justice, 39, Do after school programs reduce delinquency?
Retrieved from "Archived copy" PDF. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Students in middle school and high school who were using the Dial-A-Teacher program since the third grade continued to seek this help. Dial-A-Teacher began hiring experts in advanced math and science to field these calls from older students. Sean Blanks is the coordinator who assists in the day-to-day administration of the program. The office telephone number is You can use this number to arrange for workshops, to order materials, to schedule classroom visits or to get general information about the program.
Homework is closely connected to and rationalized by all the demands on family time, and the time has come to examine those demands.
I resent homework intensification not because I am lazy or want to spare children all challenges and difficulties but because I want to instill the character and self-discipline I admire. I want children to have gradually expanding opportunities both to manage and be responsible for free time. Scholarly studies of homework's ability to deliver in even such short-term and narrow areas as test scores and grades yield at best uneven results. Many studies of homework show no correlation-or even indicate an inverse relationship-between homework and a student's performance.
Young children reach a saturation point for absorbing new information far more quickly than adults All claims that homework critiques involve a war against the poor systematically disregard important evidence. Some students who are doing their homework conscientiously will nevertheless test poorly simply because test-taking is not their forte. It is hard to recognize from homework where a child is having difficulty; it is even harder to find just why.
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